There are several different systems that worm farmers have used to feed their worms. From making their own "worm chow" to using old food scraps, the possibilities are endless.
When using food scraps there are a few different ways this can be done. Those interested in composting but not to an extreme extent can simply gather table scraps such as banana peels and coffee grounds.
Add these to the worm bed in the corner of your bin. Adding to the corner will allow worms to escape to other sides of the bin if there is an issue with such food. For example, if you add an orange to your bin (not recommended) the citrus from the orange may not coincide with the worms liking. Creating an acidic and toxic bedding for the worms to live in.
This will cause worms to attempt to flee by climbing the walls or escaping to the other side.
Another food scrap "method", is simply chopping your food scraps. After collecting a sufficient amount of food scraps from your kitchen, you can chop or juice your scraps with a juicer, blender, or coffee grinder. Juicing your scraps will create a thick substance which can again be poured in the corner of a bin.
This will allow for worms to eat the mush faster due to smaller particles and increased break-down speeds.
[Remember worms eat from the bottom up!]
Feeding Crushed Grain
If you plan on housing worm for fish bait, your best bet is to feed worms a grain based diet, like the one we add to some of our orders. This can be fed in two simple ways.
System #1: Moisten the top layer of your bin lightly. This will allow the food to mix with the water and break down much quicker. From here, top dress your bin with a light coating of food. Start out very light. Slowly add more each day. Add just enough where the worms can finish it all in one feeding period.
[one feeding period can be anywhere from one day to one week]
Finally, place a layer of moist newspaper on top of your newly fed bin. The newspaper will allow for the worms to come to the surface and eat without a possible light shining down on the bin.
[Not recommended for non-experienced worm farmers]
Mix your crushed grain into your bedding before placing your worms in the bed. This will allow for longer periods of not having to feed the worms.
Find an ideal amount of feed that your worms can handle in a given time frame. Mix this amount into your bins and then add worms to your bins.
I do not give out numbers for I do not want to risk complaints of dead worms from inexperienced worm farmers adding to much food to any amount of bedding.
This is only recommended for those who have been worm farming for quite some time and have the feeding patterns of their worms down. Adding too much food to your bedding can cause pH changes, as well as protein poisoning in your worms.